Altara (al-TAH-rah; /æɫˈtɑːɹɑ/) is a country located in the south-central part of the Westlands.
The sign of Altara is two golden leopards on a field checked four-by-four in red and blue.
The capital of Ebou Dar is situated on the old site of the ancient city of Barashta, a city in Eharon, one of the Ten Nations. Although the Trolloc Wars left the nation relatively untouched for many years (primarily due to distance from the Great Blight), by the time they ended, the city had been completely destroyed with barely a stone standing. The site of the old city is approximately located in what is now the Rahad.
During the Free Years, what is modern-day Altara included the nation of Shiota, but also parts of Kharendor. Numerous attempts to reestablish the pre-Hawkwing era nation of Shiota were attempted, but ultimately failed, with the longest lasting fifty years and being ruled over by three different monarchs.
Concluding that the old nations would never return, Altara was founded circa FY 1112 during the War of the Hundred Years by Lord Maddin Todande. He claimed to be a descendent of the last Queen of Shiota and may well have been. House Todande ruled from a strong and respected position under four different rulers over a country that was itself becoming increasingly strong and wealthy, especially after the War of a Hundred Years ended five years into his reign.
The dissolution of Altara began in the reign of Anarina Todande around FY 1217. Anarina was a capricious, some say incompetent, ruler who impoverished her own House and the nation as a whole. She was deposed and assassinated and the power struggles that followed resulted in a legacy of almost 800 years of what has been described as "near anarchy" across the whole nation. Similar to Murandy, power is concentrated locally rather than centrally under an unifying monarch. Since the fall of Anarina, no House has held the Throne of the Winds for more than two generations and no monarch has been from House Todande. The only thing that unifies the disparate set of nobles that classify themselves as Altaran is the fear that another nation may encroach upon their territory.
In 957 NE, the Children of the Light made an attempt to do just this. They were opposed by Altara, Murandy and Illian. Eventually they were pushed back, and the war became known as the Whitecloak War. In subsequent years, Pedron Niall reconsidered making another such move, using the excuse of the presence of large numbers of Aes Sedai on Altaran soil to increase influence in the region. Jaichim Carridin was sent to increase favour with Queen Tylin.
Recently the Seanchan conquered Ebou Dar and the southern part of Altara. They allowed Queen Tylin to remain on the Throne of the Winds, however, Tylin was found bound and dismembered underneath her bed. Her son Beslan has taken the throne with the blessing of the Seanchan occupying force.
The ruling body of Altara is a monarch, with the seat of power called the Throne of the Winds. The throne is currently held by Beslan Mitsobar. The throne is located in the Tarasin Palace in the capital, Ebou Dar. Shortly before Beslan became king, Ebou Dar and the southern part of Altara were conquered by the Seanchan. They allowed the then-current queen, Beslan's mother Tylin, to remain on the Throne of the Winds. However, Tylin was killed by a gholam.
Before Beslan's coronation, he secretly opposed the Seanchan occupation. After the death of Empress Radhanan and the deposing of High Lady Suroth, Beslan is offered clemency for his rebellion by Tuon, the Daughter of the Nine Moons, who believes that, although misguided, Beslan had the best interests of his people at heart. Beslan accepts her offer, re-swears his oaths, and is raised to the High Blood.
Outside Ebou Dar, the country's inhabitants tend to associate themselves with a particular town or lord rather than the nation as a whole, and only one House has ever ruled the country for four generations. After Beslan is raised to the High Blood, however, Tuon promises to secure Altara for him, granting him absolute rule over the country.
Women in Altara are dominant, especially in Ebou Dar. In many situations an Altaran woman has the right to kill a man unquestioned. Knives and swords are an important part of Altaran life. Both men and women fight duels over trivial disputes, often with fatal results. Altaran women carry marriage knives, which serve both as a formal way to broadcast marital status (its color and decorations describe marital and motherly status), and an easy method of disciplining their men.
Seemingly a retreat for women, there was a farm located several miles northeast of Ebou Dar and north of the Rhannon Hills. In actuality, it was run by and was a refuge for the Kin, a group of runaways and novices cast out of the White Tower. This farm was destroyed when an unsuccessful attempt to unweave a gateway caused an explosion wiping out everything in its surroundings.
With its Mediterranean-esque culture and divided society, many consider Altara as having been inspired by Italy around the 16th Century.
- Ebou Dar (capital)
- Ionin Spring
- Nor Chasen
- Runnien Crossing
- So Eban
- So Habor
- So Tehar
Abayan · Aldeshar · Balasun · Basharande · Caembarin · Dal Calain · Darmovan · Dhowlan · Elan Dapor · Elsalam · Esandara · Farashelle · Fergansea · Hamarea · Ileande · Indrahar · Kharendor · Khodomar · Masenashar · Moreina · Nerevan · Oburun · Oman Dashar · Rhamdashar · Roemalle · Shandalle · Shiota · Talmour · Tova
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